International Journal of Russian Studies

Uluslararası Rusya Araştırmaları Dergisi

ISSN: 1307 – 3419, Ankara – TÜRKİYE

Volume 5/2 July 2012

 

www.radtr.net


 

 Ардак Есдаулетова

 

Title

 ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ОБЩЕГО ЭНЕРГЕТИЧЕСКОГО РЫНКА В РАМКАХ ЕВРАЗЭС И ШОС    pp. 1-10

 

Summary

 The article Providing a Common Energy Market within the Framework of EvrAzES (Eurasian Economic Community) and the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) is devoted to the current situation and the future development of the main organizations in the post – Soviet territory in the context of the formation of a united energy market. These organizations face many obstacles, which include dissent in defining tariffs and custom duties for hydrocarbon transit for Russian and Kazakh companies, confrontation between the two main actors – China and Russia, and tension in the relations among the Central Asian countries. At the same time, EvrAzES and the SCO possess great energy potential: rich resources of oil, gas and coal, and diversified transportation corridors. In addition, Iran, India, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan intend to join these integration structures which will increase their political and economic power. Another aim of these organizations is to balance the influence of the USA and the EU in the Eurasian energy market.

Key Words: Eurasian Economic Community (EvrAzES),  Shanghai Cooperation Organization (the SCO), energy security, common energy market, import, export, transit corridors, integration structures, tariff, oil and gas policy 

 


   Beyhan ASMA

 

Title

 SOLJENİTSİN’İN ESERLERİYLE RUSYA’YA BAKIŞ AÇISI    pp. 11-25

 

Summary

 In this essay it is mentioned that the writer writes about Russia is of great significance for many reasons. His works have been read by millions all over the world. Soljenitsin   has little interest in any country other than Russia. Russia is his passion. It is said that his works are also a polemic with Western and Russian thinkers in past and present.

Key words: Russia, history, revolution, Russian people, Russian society. 

 


  Атаол Бехрамоглу

 

Title

  СПЛЕТЕНИЕ ЭЛЕМЕНТОВ МЕСТ И ВРЕМЕН В СИМФОНИЧЕСКОЙ ПОЭМЕ НАЗЫМА ХИКМЕТА «СОЛОМЕННЫЙ ВОЛОС»    pp. 26-31

 

Summary

 “Saman Sarısı”(“Straw Blond”) is one of the poems of Nâzım Hikmet written in the last period of his life.This poem is significant, especially in view of two aspects of Nâzım Hikmet’s creativity: One of them concerns the contents of the poem. This poem that has an epical broadness should be regarded as an account of Nâzım Hikmet’s life given by the poet himself, not only in personal but in cosmic dimensions as well.The other particular importance of “Straw Blond” is in its symphonic character which is the result of its polyphonic structure and the complexity of the time and space tissue which are characteristic of surrealist poetry.

 

Key words: polyphony, surrealism, symphonic poem 


  Александр Фараносов

 

Title

  ПРОБЛЕМЫ УТЕЧКИ МОЗГОВ ИЗ РОССИИ    pp. 32-40

 

Summary

 "Утечка мозгов" в современной России носит неоднозначный характер. Прежде всего, это выражается в дифференцируемом подходе к рассмотрению подобного явления. Достаточно проблематично на деле оказывается определить валидность различных мнений и высказываний приближённых к данной теме и несколько отдалённых от неё людей. Во-первых, это заключается в том, что очень трудно оценить действительные объёмы как реального оттока учёных, так и латентного. Во-вторых, выявление доминирующего мнения по данному вопросу жёстко бьёт по предположениям и заявлениям, не относящимся к доминирующему либо опровергающих его. Так или иначе, попробуем рассмотреть наиболее известные точки зрения по этому вопросу.


  Александр  Степанов

 

Title

  РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЕ АНСАМБЛИ ЕВРОПЫ    pp. 41-57

 

Summary

 In conditions of democracy, collective representations of the degree of affinity among various peoples and countries play a more and more important role in the processes of political integration and decomposition, even in Europe. In this article, the structure of Europe as a whole, consisting of so-called regional ensembles, i.e. informal groups of geographically, cultural and historically related states is considered. It is determined that such structures appear to be rational in a high degree and even symmetrical, showing clear attributes. In addition, the question of a similar system in the post-Soviet space and the character of its interaction with Europe in the context of the next decades is discussed. Finally, an analysis which leads to the formulation of a rather optimistic conclusion about the likelihood of the formation of a "Greater Europe” is made. However, the most likely scenario is within the framework of an umbrella association consisting of two relatively independent components: the European Community and the post-Soviet bloc.

 

Key Words: Europe structure, regional ensemble, European Union, Europe a nation, Europe of the nations


 Александр  Цой

 

Title

  О ФУНКЦИОНИРОВАНИИ СЛУЖЕБНЫХ СЛОВ В КОГНИТИВНОМ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕ ЯЗЫКОВОЙ ЛИЧНОСТИ    pp. 58-74

 

Summary

 This article discusses the correlation of the semantıcs of conjunctives and of the diverse relations they can express in discourse. While indicating the presence of relativity meaning in the frame (the minimally necessary structured information which unambiguously defines a class of objects), conjunctives as subsignes specify relations in context. Conjunctives not only belong tothe  most frequently used words, but also denote the most general relations among things and ways of articulation of thought. To express an idea the speaker forms the deep-laid structure of the utterance and projects various relations (relations which allow adequate understanding of the utterance) on the surface structures. In the study of conjunctives in terms of the relations they express, the anthropocentric approach makes it possible to define the mechanism of the functioning of conjunctives in the Russian language more precisely.

 

 

Key words: Russian prepositions, conjunctions and particles as conjunctıve words, the semantıcs of conjunctıves, general relations, the mechanism of functioning of conjunctives, conjunctives as subsignes 


 Атаол Бехрамоглу

 

Title

  ЭЛЕМЕНТЫ МОДЕРНИЗМА В ДРАМАТУРГИИ А.П. ЧЕХОВА    pp. 75-78

 

Summary

 «Абсурд» и Чехов

 

 В своем известном произведении «Театр абсурда» Мартин Эслин(1) определяет «традицию абсурда» как результат чувства глубокого разочарования и исчезновения смысла и цели жизни – явления характерного для таких стран как Франция и Англия в послевоенные годы.

 

По оценке самого автора концепция «абсурда» в творчестве и мышлении «нехристианских экзистенциалистов» таких как Сарт и Камю отождествляется с непреодолимым разрывом между человеческими стремлениями и миром не способным удовлетворять эти стремления.

В двух из больших пьес А.П. Чехова – в «Иванове» и «Чайке» – главные герои заканчивают жизнь самоубийством


 

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