International Journal of Russian Studies
Uluslararası Rusya Araştırmaları Dergisi
ISSN: 1307 – 3419, Ankara – TÜRKİYE
Volume 1/2 July 2008
Татьяна Милославовна Баженова, Сергей Владимирович Кодан
(Создание и издание Полного собрание и Свода законов Российской империи) pp. 1-24
The creation of the Full Collection of Laws and the Code of Laws became an essential break-through in the juridical development of Russia. It created the necessary conditions for the further development of the juridical regulation system in the country and enhanced the legality of the official institutions’ activities. In addition, it established the basis for the study of Russian jurisprudence and had considerable impact on the development of juristic education in Russia. The special techniques of establishing legal order were created during this process. This experience can be succesfully used in the creation of the modern Code of Laws of the Russian Federation.
Key words: Russian Empire, Full Collection of Laws, Code of Laws, systematization of the legislation, jurisprudence.
Doç. Dr. Sevinç ÜÇGÜL
Красняков Николай Иванович
The organization of the regional administration according to the needs of the feudal state became one of the most important goals of the Russian government once Siberia had become a part of Russia. The organization was established taking into account the socio-economical backwardness of the Siberian tribes and the impossibility of their subordination to Russian laws.
The first stage of the ‘state establishment’ in Siberia (end of the 16th – beginning of the 18th centuries) coincided with the period of the department system in the central administrative office and the voevode authority in the regions. If compare the voevode of the period to the deputies of 16th century, the latter governed for their own benefit while the voevodes were the executors of the central administrative office. The deputies represent the lowest stage of the development of Russian administrative system, while the centralization of power manifested itself only in the personal orders of tsar. However, voevodes represented the most developed centralized administrative system when the central office affected any outlaying territory. The next stage of this process was the institution of governors, who were actually the officials of the state, with certain responsibilities and a certain salary. The three institutions – deputy, voevode, governor – are the stages of one process, the process of development of the legal centralized administrative system.
Key words: state, Siberia, government, self-government, empire.
Смыкалин Александр Сергеевич
Russia remained an unitary state and the subordinated territories have experienced serious pressure and interference in their internal affairs. The policy of Russification has been implemented everywhere.
The local aristocracy, whose rights of exploitation were protected by the tsar’s authority, were the main support of the autocracy in the outlying districts. This double oppression – by the local elite on the one hand and the tsar’s administration on the other - provoked numerous revolts against the feudal exploitation and colonial violence. The revolts were severely suppressed by the tsar with the help of the local nobles.
The relations between the capital and the colonies had, undoubtedly, a negative character. The influence of Russian culture can be considered the only positive side of these relations. By becoming a member of the Russian community, the other nations participated in the more developed Russian culture, the historically progressive process of market development and capitalistic interactions. The anti-feudal and anti-colonial struggle of the nations shook the basis of the serf system. During this struggle the representatives of the outlying districts and different nationalities united with the Russian people, who at that time were leading the fight against the serf system.
Key words: Russia, XIXth century, colony, monarchy, serf system.
Sevinç ÜÇGÜL, Erdem ERİNÇ
In modern pedagogiks under this term quite wide range of mehods; such as problem-soivy lecture, lecture-dialog, discussion, evristical talk, analisis and role-play, business game.
For realization of the goal and the problem of the reserch we used the following methods: tre methods of theoretical analisis of our data showed us the individual pecularities of teaching some of them only protect infoormative methods of teaching and some of them use active methods. According to the survey among lecturers, wwhat teaching methods to use, we fund out that there are objective factors related to the context and the material and subjective factors connected with the lecthur`s and students charachteristics and th type of relation between students and lecturers.
Key words: teacher`s new methods at Higher Educational Institution, education in Georgia.