International Journal of Russian Studies

Uluslararası Rusya Araştırmaları Dergisi

ISSN: 1307 – 3419, Ankara – TÜRKİYE

Volume 1/2 July 2008

 

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 Татьяна Милославовна Баженова, Сергей Владимирович Кодан 

 

Title

 «К ЕДИНООБРАЗИЮ И ПРАВИЛЬНОМУ СОСТАВУ ЗАКОНОВ РОССИЙСКИХ…» 

(Создание и издание Полного собрание и Свода законов Российской империи)            pp. 1-24

 

Summary

 The systematization of legislation in the history of Russia,  as in the history of European countries, has its own particular place in juridical policy and legislative development. The rule of  law and citizens’ and officials’ accesibility to the legal system were always considered by the authorities as one of the most important ways to transmit the government’s will and to guarantee the legitimacy of the country.  The article is devoted to the most significant events in the history of governing and legislation in Russia in the XIX century, and to the creation of the Full Collection of Laws and the Code of Laws of the Russian Empire in particular. 

  The creation of the Full Collection of Laws and the Code of Laws became an essential break-through in the juridical development of Russia. It created the necessary conditions for the further development of the juridical regulation system in the country and enhanced the legality of the official institutions’ activities. In addition, it established the basis for the study of Russian jurisprudence and had considerable impact on the development of juristic education in Russia. The special techniques of establishing legal order were created during this process. This experience can be succesfully used in the creation of the modern Code of Laws of the Russian Federation.

Key words: Russian EmpireFull Collection of Laws, Code of Lawssystematization of the legislation, jurisprudence. 

 


 Doç. Dr. Sevinç ÜÇGÜL

 

Title

  RUS EDEBİYATINDA GÖÇMEN BİR YAZAR YURİ DRUJNİKOV’UN ÖLÜMÜ ÜZERİNE      pp. 25-46

 

Summary

 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Kaliforniya Eyaleti Davis şehrinde uzun süredir şikayetçi olduğu rahatsızlığına yenik düşen Rus yazarı Yuri Drujikov 14 Mayıs 2008’de hayatını kaybetti. Yazarın mikroromanlarından oluşan  “Puşkin’in İkinci Karısı”  kitabı ve “Rus Madonnası” romanı Türkçe’ye çevrilmişti. Kendisi ile 2000 yılının Mayıs ayında yazarla Peç şehrinde (Macaristan) bir uluslararası konferansta  tanıştım. Bu tarihten süregelen yazışmalarmızda her zaman geniş vizyon ve evrensel değerleri ön planda tutan bir aydın yapısı, her türlü siyasi ve ideolojik baskıyı reddeden, eşitsizliği, kişisel çıkar ve insan kimliği içerisinde garipsediği bencilliği aşamamanın verdiği hoşnutsuzluğu sezdim. Edebiyat camiasının kaybı olan Yuri Drujnikov eserleriyle uzun yıllar okuruyla konuşup tartışacak bir yazardır.

 


  Красняков Николай Иванович

 

Title

  ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ РОССИЙСКОЙ ИМПЕРИИ И ВЛАСТНО-ПРАВОВЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ В РЕГИОНАЛЬНОМ УПРАВЛЕНИИ ФЕОДАЛЬНОГО ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО МЕХАНИЗМА ПЕРИОДА  ИНТЕГРАЦИИ  СИБИРИ В СОСТАВ СТРАНЫ                     pp. 47-58

 

Summary

 The role of the state as the authority, connecting the central and the outlying territories of Russia by the means of state ideology and the central administration in one political whole is analysed in this article.  It is also underlined that the governing of Siberia in the period of from the 17th to the beginning of the 18th centuries can be considered the result of cooperation between the central administration and the local community of the region.

 

The organization of the regional administration according to the needs of the feudal state became one of the most important goals of the Russian government once  Siberia had become a part of Russia. The organization was established taking into account the socio-economical backwardness of the Siberian tribes and the impossibility of their subordination to Russian laws.

The first stage of the ‘state establishment’ in Siberia (end of the 16th – beginning of the  18th centuries) coincided with the period of the department system in the central administrative office and the voevode authority in the regions. If compare the voevode of the period to the deputies of 16th century, the latter governed for their own benefit while the voevodes were the executors of the central administrative office. The deputies represent the lowest stage of the development of Russian administrative system, while the centralization of power manifested itself only in the personal orders of tsar. However, voevodes represented the most developed centralized administrative system when the central office affected any outlaying territory. The next stage of this process was the institution of governors, who were actually the officials of the state, with certain responsibilities and a certain salary. The three institutions – deputy, voevode, governor – are the stages of one process, the process of development of the legal centralized administrative system.

Key words: state, Siberia, government, self-government, empire. 


  Олександра Сайма

 

Title

  РАССМОТРЕНИЕ ВОЗМОЖНОСТИ СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЯ МОНАСТЫРЯ  АПОЛИКАПТИИ В КОНСТАНТИНОПОЛЕ                pp. 59-62

 

Summary

  Это произведение, написанное русским путешественником  за 31 год до того, как Константинополь перешел под турецкое управление, является важным источником информации о Византийских местах религиозных действий, зданий и памятников, сохранившихся с того времени, а также является последним известным источником перед захватом Константинополя  Турками Османами.


  Смыкалин Александр Сергеевич

 

Title

  РОССИЙСКАЯ ИМПЕРИЯ И КОЛОНИАЛЬНЫЕ НАРОДЫ ВО ВТОРОЙ ПОЛОВИНЕ XIX ВЕКА        pp. 63-74

 

Summary

 In the second half of the XIXth century Russia was a huge empire, covering a wide area of Eastern Europe, North-Eastern Asia and a part of North America. By the 60s its territory had increased from 16 to 18 million square metres owing to the annexation of Bessarabia, the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Priamurye, Primorye, Finland and the Kingdom of Poland

 

Russia remained an unitary state and the subordinated territories have experienced serious pressure and interference in their internal affairs. The policy of Russification has been implemented everywhere.  

The local aristocracy, whose rights of exploitation were protected by the tsar’s authority,  were the main support of the autocracy in the outlying districts.  This double oppression – by the local elite on the one hand and the tsar’s administration on the other - provoked numerous revolts against the feudal exploitation and colonial violence. The revolts were severely suppressed by the tsar with the help of the local nobles.

 The relations between the capital and the colonies had, undoubtedly, a negative character. The influence of Russian culture can be considered the only positive side of these relations. By becoming a member of the Russian community, the other nations participated in the more developed Russian culture, the historically progressive process of market development and capitalistic interactions. The anti-feudal and anti-colonial struggle of the nations shook the basis of the serf system. During this struggle the representatives of the outlying districts and different nationalities united with the Russian people, who at that time were leading the fight against the serf system.

Key words: Russia, XIXth century, colony, monarchy, serf system. 


  Sevinç ÜÇGÜL, Erdem ERİNÇ

 

Title

  ИСТОРИЯ ПЕРЕВОДОВ ПРОЗЫ ВЛАДИМИРА НАБОКОВА В ТУРЦИИ    pp. 75-81

 

Summary

 It is essential to provide new strategies, new methods and technologies of teaching for realization of the important issues in the   educational sistem in Georgia. One of these progressive attitudes to educational sistem in high school, active methods of teaching can be considered.

 

In modern pedagogiks under this term quite wide range of mehods; such as problem-soivy lecture, lecture-dialog, discussion, evristical talk, analisis and role-play, business game.

For realization of the goal and the problem of the  reserch we used the following methods: tre methods of theoretical analisis of our data showed us the individual pecularities of teaching some of them only protect infoormative methods of teaching and some of them use active methods. According to the survey among lecturers, wwhat teaching  methods to use, we fund out that there are objective factors related to the context and the material and subjective factors connected with the lecthur`s and students charachteristics and th type of relation between students and lecturers.

 

Key words: teacher`s new methods at Higher Educational Institution, education in Georgia. 


  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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